C# Design Patterns – The Facade Pattern

Today I am back with another design pattern. In this post we’ll be exploring the Facade pattern.

What Is The Facade Pattern

The facade pattern is a higher level interface that simplifies and brings together multiple interfaces of a subsystem. What this means is if you want to do something but that requires interacting with multiple subsystems you can create a facade that same only a few methods that handle all the interaction with the subsystem.

Our Application Requirements

In our city dog registration application lets assume there are a few things that need to be done when a new dog is registered. First the new dog and it’s owners must be entered into the system. Next the registration fee must be processed. Finally, we want the system to send the owners the welcome email.

This is a very simple example but this action requires 3 separate systems to do something in order to complete this one task of registering a new dog.

Using The Facade Pattern

For the sake of simplicity and not cluttering this post with too much code, I am not going to provide code for the sub systems, just the facade.

public class RegistrationManager : IRegister { private IAccountingService _accounting; private IMessageService _messaging; private IRepository = _repository;
public RegistrationManager(IAccountService accounting, IMessagingService messaging, IRepository repository) { _accounting = accounting; _messaging = messaging; _repository = repository; }
public void RegisterDog(IDog dog) { _repository.AddDog(dog); _accounting.ProcessPayment(dog.PaymentOrder); _messaging.SendWelcome(dog.Owners.Find(x => x.PrimaryContact)) } }

As you can see this is a very simple example but it illustrates the concept of the pattern. We have taken 3 tasks, each belonging to a different sub system, and combined them into 1 task in a facade class, in this case the RegistrationManager class.

The RegisterDog method adds the new dog to the repository, sends the payment order to the accounting system, and sends a welcome message to the dogs owners that are flagged as primary contacts.

Summing It Up

I hope this post helps you understand the Facade pattern and I hope you are continuing to learn and have fun with this series.

Be sure to grab the RSS feed or follow me on Twitter to stay up to date and not miss any posts.

The C# Design Patterns Series

Part 1 – An Overview
Part 2 – The Decorator Pattern
Part 3 – The Abstract Factory Pattern
Part 4 – The Observer Pattern
Part 5 – The Facade Pattern

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